Write the various preventive measures and treatment of hypertension.
Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension :
As a matter of fact, the individuals who have hypertension remain more serious to know their measurements of blood pressure instead of doing something to prevent it. Hypertension can be prevented as well as treated, if they follow the below mentioned points appropriately:
(a) Relieve Stress : Relieve unnecessary elements of stress in your life. Try to indulge yourself in some recreational activities as well as in meditation, yoga, regular walks, dancing and mixing with
other people, etc. These are best means to relieve stress which further reduce hypertension.
(b) Take Proper Diet : Reduce the intake of sodium in your diet i.e., take less salt. Take potassium, calcium, magnesium, high fibre, wholegrain products, low fat, nuts, fruits and vegetables in your diet. Researches indicate that such diet is beneficial in preventing and treating hypertension.
© Reduce Obesity : Use high quality programme of -exercises and take appropriate balanced diet to reduce obesity. Reducing your body weight is the most effective way to treat hypertension.
(d) Exercises or Sports Activities : Exercises or sports activities are usually helpful in the prevention and treatment of hypertension. In fact, exercises lower the blood pressure through some possible mechanisms. Moderate exercises with high intensity are very effective for a long¬term blood pressure lowering programme. In the beginning, walking should be at slow pace, then gradually it should be increased at a faster rate. It should be kept in mind that the patients of hypertension should perform such exercises with moderate intensity. The amount and duration of exercise programme should be according to the capacity of an individual. Aerobic exercises and playing various sports and games are also very effective in preventing and treating hypertension. The exercises should be performed regularly for good results.
(e) Change in the Lifestyle : A change in the lifestyle can be a boon to the persons having hypertension. They should take proper and balanced diet. They should not lead sedentary lifestyle. Instead of this, they must lead active and healthy lifestyle. They should not consume alcohol. They must say ‘no’ to smoking in action, not just in words. They should not indulge themselves in overwork. They should not take drugs and other stimulants. They should not adopt the Western lifestyle. They should keep themselves away from Western diet. Such types of lifestyle management may do miracles in preventing and treating hypertension.
Consequently, it can be said that by following the above-mentioned points on regular basis hypertension can be prevented and treated effectively.