In a disproportionation reaction, the same species is simultaneously oxidised as well as reduced. Therefore, for such a redox reaction to occur, the reacting species must contain an element which has adeast three oxidation states.
The element, in reacting species, is present in an intermediate state while lower and higher oxidation states are available for reduction and oxidation to occur (respectively). Fluorine is the strongest oxidising agent. It does not show positive oxidation state. That’s why fluorine does not show disproportionation reaction.