Which states of India have the maximum extent of cotton textile growth? Give four reasons for its concentration in this state.
Maharashtra and Gujarat states have the maximum extent of cotton textile growth.
Reasons for the concentration of cotton textile industry in these states are
(i) Availability of Raw Materials Due to the favourable soil type and other climatic conditions, cotton is grown in a vast area in these states. So, raw materials are available in plenty.
(ii) Transport These states are well connected to the rest part of the country by rail and road. Also, they have many large ports from where the textile products can be easily exported.
(iii) Market Though they have locally available big markets, they also enjoy good transport facilities that enable their reach to the national and international markets.
(iv) Labour Although they have locally available cheap labour force, they are supported by migrant labours from the Northern states.
(v) Moist Climate For cotton cultivation, moist climate is a must. These states have favourable climatic conditions.