Where is NADP-reductase enzyme located in the chloroplasts?

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highplants

#1

Where is NADP-reductase enzyme located in the chloroplasts? What is the role of this enzyme in
proton gradient development?


#2

MADT reductase enzyme is located on the outer/stroma side of the thylakoid membrane. Along with the electrons from the primary acceptor of PS-I, it uses the protons of stroma for the reduction of NADP + to NADPH; this removal of protons from the stroma causes a proton gradient between the lumen of thylakoids and the stroma.