What were the challenges faced by the new Republic of Vietnam?

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#1

The French tried to regain control by using the emperor, Bao Dai as their puppet.
Due to French attack, Viet Minh’s army was forced to retreat to the hills.
After eight years of fighting, the French were defeated in 1954, at Dien Bieu Phu.
The French soldiers including their commanders and generals were arrested.