What is the main contribution of agriculture to the national economy? Explain any three steps taken by the Government of India to modernise agriculture.
Ans. The main contribution of agriculture to the national economy is stated in the poins below
(i) It is the largest employment providing sector.
(ii) It has provided a food surplus to our expanding population.
(iii) It is providing raw material to industries.
(iv) It is providing the majority of exports from India.
Steps taken by government to modernise agriculture are
(i) Land reforms leading to consolidation of holdings. This
makes agriculture more viable and increases output.
(ii) Providing subsidy for HYV seeds and fertilisers. This gives incentives to farmers for using these inputs for higher output.
(iii) Provision for crop insurance, Kisan Credit -Card (KCC) etc. These help farmers to avail necessary funds when required and tide over crisis situations.