What is a ‘famine’? Which states in India are affected by famines?
A famine is characterised by widespread deaths due to starvation and epidemics caused by forced
use of contaminated water or decaying food and loss of body resistance due to weakening from
- The most devastating famine that occurred in India was the Famine of Bengal in 1943. This famine killed 30 lakh people in the province of Bengal.
- Even today, there are places like Kalahandi and Kashipur in Odisha, where famine-like conditions have been existing for many years and starvation deaths have also been reported.
- Starvation deaths are also reported in Baran district of Rajasthan, Palamau district of Jharkhand and many other remote areas during the recent years.