What do you know about the peasant movement in Awadh?
CBSE Class 10
CBSE Class 10 Social
2018-03-06 06:33:28 UTC
In Awadh, the peasant movement was led by Baba Ramchandra—a sanyasi who had earlier worked in Fiji as an indentured labourer.
The movement here was against talukdars and landlords who demanded high rents from the peasants.
Peasants had to do begar at landlords’ farms.
The peasant movement demanded reduction of revenue, abolition of begar and social boycott of oppressive landlords.
In many places nai-dhobi bandhs were organised to deprive landlords of the services of even washermen and barbers.
Jawaharlal Nehru began talking to the villagers and formed Oudh Kisan Sabha.
Within a month, over 300 branches had been set up in the villages around the region.
As the movement spread in 1921, the houses of talukdars and merchants were attacked, bazaars were looted and grain hoards were taken over.