Napoleon introduced the following changes to make the administrative system more efficient in the areas ruled by him
(i) He established the Civil Code of 1804, also known as the Napoleonic Code. This did away with all privileges based on birth. It established equality before law and secured the right to property.
(ii) He simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues.
(iii) In towns, guild systems were removed. Transport and communication systems were improved.
Due to the above measures, peasants, artisans, businessmen and workers enjoyed a new found freedom. Businessmen and small-scale producers realised that uniform laws, a common currency and standardised weights and measures would facilitate movement and exchange of goods between regions.