What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

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#1

Various challenges faced by political parties are
(i) The parties are lacking internal democracy, which keeps many prospective leaden deprived of their rights.
(ii) There have been dynastic successions in many political parties. This often deprives the parties of appropriate leadership.
(iii) The parties sometimes indulge in the use of money and muscle power for winning elections. This hampers development and is against the spirit of democracy.
(iv) Today, different political parties do not have significant ideological differences among them. So, there is a lack of meaningful choice before the voters.