What are the two most important beverage crops in India ? State the favourable conditions for their growth. Mention two major producing states of each crop


#1

Two most important beverage crops of India are
(i) Tea and
(ii) Coffee.
Tea :
Temperature — 20° to 30°C
Rainfall — 150 to 200 cms.
Soil — Well drained soils
Labour — Cheap, abundant and skilled labour
Areas — Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala
Coffee:
Temperature - 15°C to 28°C
Rainfall — 150 to 200 cms.
Soil — Rich, well drained, loamy soil
Labour — Cheap labour is essential
Areas — Hills around Nilgiris, Karnataka,Kerala and Tamil Nadu