It means inviting applicants for filling up the vacancies from outside the organisation. Two external sources of recruitment are given below:
(i) Advertising Advertising in newspapers and trade journals is a common method of encouraging people to apply for jobs. The advantage of using advertising is that it can give a lot of information about the job as well as the company. But, sometimes it may lead to a flood of response, largely made up of unsuitable candidates.
(ii) Employment exchanges These are run by government and help to match personnel demand and supply by serving as a link between job seekers and employers.