The present thinking with regard to relationship between nature and development is that there should be maximum exploitation of natural resources for development. As a result, people are using nature beyond its carrying capacity. Our present technology is creating a number of environmental problems. A number of non-degradable materials are being produced in present day through the production technology.
Following are the some important reasons responsible for the heavy burden on nature :
(i) Rise in human population in underdeveloped countries.
(ii) Affluent consumption style in developed countries.
(iii) Misuse of production technology in almost all the countries and poor planning of development.
As a result of above, there is a reckless use of resources creating negative effects on the society.
The negative effects of development on nature are:
(ii) Degradation of resources