In order to alleviate poverty, government has adopted the following three dimensional approaches:
(i) Trickle down approach : This approach is based on the expectation that the positive effects of economic growth will be trickled down or benefit all sections of the society and also the poor people.
(ii) Poverty alleviation approach : This approach aimed at the creation of income-earning assets and employment generation opportunities.
(iii) Providing basic amenities : This approach aimed at providing the basic amenities like
proper medical and health care facilities, better education, proper sanitation etc. to the poor
people. The basic amenities positively affect health, productivity, income earning opportunities and, there by, alleviate poverty. A thorough analysis of the three dimensional approach yields the following conclusions :
(i) Although there has been a reduction in the percentage of absolute poor in some of the states but still the poor people lack basic amenities, literacy and nourishment Secondly, there has not been significant change in the ownership of income-earning assets and productive resources.
(ii) Land reforms do not have high successful records that further added to the inequality of income from land.
(iii) Improper implementation of poverty alleviation programmes by ill-motivated and inadequately trained bureaucrats further worsened the situation. Corruption along with the inclination towards interest of elites led to an inefficient and misallocation of scarce resources