The energy flow in the ecosystem follows the second law

cbse-class-12

#1

The energy flow in the ecosystem follows the second law of thermodynamics.Explain.


#2

According to second law of thermodynamics, every activity involving energy transformation is accompanied by dissipation of energy as heat and increase in disorderliness, except in deep hydrothermal ecosystems. This can be explained as out of the total PAR only 2-10% is captured by photosynthetic organisms in synthesis of organic matter. And further this energy is used during various metabolic processes for the formation of food and a very little is stored as biomass. This trapped energy as biomass is transferred to next trophic level according to Lindeman’s law. Only 10% of the stored energy is passed from one trophic level to successive trophic level.