Language policy is a safeguard to the languages. It is one of the important aspects of our constitution. Under this policy besides Hindi, 21 other languages are recognised as scheduled languages by the constitution.
Main features of India’s language policy are as follows:
(i) Our Constitution does not provide for any national language; the government however has accorded the status of official language to Hindi.
(ii) Each state in India has its own official language.
(iii) Beside Hindi, there are 21 other languages recognised as ‘scheduled languages’ by the constitution. Other languages are recognised as the non-scheduled languages.
(iv) Constitution of India provides for the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes.
(v) Most of the government work in each state takes place in the official language of the concerned state.
(vi) . Promotion of Hindi continues to be the official policy of the government of India but promotion does not mean that the central government can impose Hindi on states where people speak a different language.
Thus, the framing of the language policy is the test for Indian federation. It inspires the confidence in different language speaking people that no language will be imposed on them. In a way ‘Language policy’ has strengthened the unity and integrity of India.