The conservation projects are now focussing on biodiversity rather than on a few of its components." Justify with proper examples.
Ans. In the 1960s and 1970s conservation approach wasspecies specific. On the basis of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, various projects were implemented to protect tigers, rhinoceros, crocodile, etc but now conservation projects are focussing on biodiversity i.e. whole gamut of species alongwith their habitat in a specific climatic region. Also the conservation measures are now intensified. Wildlife Act was revised in 1980s and 1986 to include various insects like butterflies, and plants in the conservation planning.
Alongwith national plans, wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserves are now designed and promoted to protect not only species, but its natural habitat and whole complex of ecological webs.
Community participation and participation of local people now gave a new dimension to the conservation planning.