Tea cultivation is mainly confined to North-Eastern states of India, while the coffee cultivation is confined to South-Western states of India. Explain the statement.
Ans. Tea plants grow well in tropical and sub-tropical climates where deep and fertile, well-drained soil is available, rich in humus and organic matter. It also required warm moist and frost-free climate throughout the year. Another specific requirement is the availability of abundant, cheap and skilled labour force. All these conditions are well available in North-Eastern states of India. .
So, tea plantation is concentrated in Assam, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts of West Bengal, Meghalaya, Tripura etc but some tea plantation also found in Tamil Nadu, Kerala,
Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh etc. Coffee production in India is dominated in the hill tracts of Southern India, especially in Nilgiri hills regions of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. But now coffee production has gradually reached Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and other North-Eastern states.