One of the present debates in India is whether companies should have flexible policies for employment. Based on what you have read in the chapter, summarise the point of view of the employers and workers.
Point of View of Employers They prefer to employ workers on flexible basis, i.e. employ them as and when required. This means the workers are employed on temporary basis for the period when they are required. In case extra work is there for a short period, i.e. ‘in season’, the workers can be paid overtime wages.
In case the work is machinery based and there are only a limited number of machines, workers can be employed in shifts, including night shift. This will ensure delivery of finished products in time to the customers.
Point of View of Workers They always prefer permanent employment so that they can have a regular income to look after their families. They will then also get the other benefits of regular employment like provident fund, gratuity, etc.