On which side was Finland in ww2? Axis Powers or Allies?
Finland was placed in an extremely complicated position within the conflict of World War Two. At first, it fully supported the Allied forces and their fight against Nazi Germany, but when the Soviet Union invaded in 1939 they broke relations with the Allied forces and fought against the invading Soviet army.
Using effective troops and guerrilla warfare, Finland was able to produce a stalemate between its army and the vastly larger Soviet Union, which became an embarrassment to the Soviet leaders. In 1940 they signed a peace treaty with Moscow after being forced to cede a large amount of territory to the Soviet Union. Finland knew the peace was temporary, and so they turned to the Allied forces for support, but they were not willing to give any in fear of angering the Soviet Union. They then turned to Nazi Germany, who sent troops into the region in order to aid in the German invasion of Russia.
Upon the German invasion of Russia, Finnish troops then reclaimed the land they had previously lost to the Soviets but then invaded further into Russia. This led to the remainder of the Allied forces declaring war on Finland in protest. The Finnish forces then halted their advance, and set up defensive positions which remained until 1944. The Soviet Union then attacked and invaded Finland and overwhelmed their defenses, reclaiming the majority of territory that they had lost. An armistice was eventually signed between Finland and the Soviet Union, which led to conflict breaking out between Finnish troops and Nazi Germany. German troops were eventually expelled from the country in April of 1945.
In summary, Finland was never formally an Axis power but it heavily relied on German troops and supplies in order to defend its borders against the Soviet Union. It remained the only country bordering the Soviet Union that was not fully occupied during the war and Helsinki was only one of three European capitals that was not occupied during the war (the other two being London and Moscow).