Novels were useful both for colonial administrators as well as for Indians.
(i) The early novels contributed to colonialism by making the readers feel that they were part of a superior community of fellow colonialists. Most writers of that period saw colonialism as natural.
(ii) Colonised people were treated as primitive and barbaric and colonial rule was considered necessary to civilise them. Their novels reflected this attitude.
(iii) The colonised people, like the Indians however believed that the novels allowed them to explore their own identities and problems, their own national concerns. Novels written in Indian languages became a powerful medium to criticise what they considered defects in their society and to suggest remedies.