Many microbial pathogens enter the gut of humans

cbse
human-health

#1

Many microbial pathogens enter the gut of humans along with food. What are the preventive barriers to protect the body from such pathogens?


#2

Many microbial pathogens enter the gut of humans along with food. The preventive barriers to protect the body from such pathogens are as follows:
(i) The mucus coating of the epithelium lining of the gut helps in trapping microbes entering the body.
(ii) Saliva in the mouth and hydrochloric acid in gastric juice secreted by stomach prevent microbial growth.