The location of India and the various relief features have deep effect in determining climate of India.
* India is located between 8° N to 37° N latitudes.
* Tropic of Cancer divides the country in two - equal halves— North sub-tropical zone and South tropical zone.
*India is sorrounded by three water bodies in the south and girdled by a high continuous mountain chain in the North.
This compact ph^ical setting gives unique and common climatic framework.
Indian ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea have moderating effects on India’s climatic condition.
* High mountains in the North act as barriers for cold and hot winds. It provides the whole of North India a tropical climate.
* They may also cause precipitation as they are high enough and lie in the path of rain-bearing winds. For example, the leeward side of Western Ghats remains relatively dry in monsoon season.
* The Himalayas also force the South-West mansoons to shed all their moisture in the sub-continent.
Thus, it can be concluded that location and relief are important factors in determining the climate of India.