Is it true that there was no black death in Poland? If so, why not?
It is not true that there was no Black Death in Poland, only that the effects of the plague were much less that in other regions. There are a number of reasons for this. Firstly, the Polish King Casimir the Great closed the Polish borders and quarantined the entire country.
This dramatically reduced the amount of infected individuals arriving in the country. The second reasons was that Poland was relatively isolated in relation to other European nations. It did not rely on trade as heavily as other powers such as Venice and the Ottoman Empire and so it was harder for the disease to spread. Finally, it has been suggested that the severe cold of the Polish climate made it much harder for rats, who were the main spreaders of the disease, to survive.
This again meant that less people were infected and so the spread of the plague was relatively contained. Even though the scale of the plague was not as large as in other regions, the disease still killed over a quarter of the country’s population, a truly drastic figure.