Is it apparent that the Hammurabic Code is the product of a civilization rather than some other kind of early society? Does the code illustrate key elements of what a civilization is, as a form of human organization?
Interesting question; the one problem in answering this is that people and researchers are still arguing over what are key elements of a civilization and what civilization itself. So, ultimately, this is a viewpoint question that depends on what you see as a civilization since it’s such a debatable term and concept.
I, personally, don’t think its very apparent, simply because I don’t necessarily agree with the civilized/uncivilized dichotomy. Some key elements that this code reveals include the idea of writing, a written code of law, class and wealth distinctions, checks on judges, familial regulation, military affairs, and regulations on trade & commerce.