International Olympic Committee : It organizes the modem Olympic Games held in summer and winter, every four years. On June 23, 1894 the Olympic Games were recreated by Baron Pierre de Cubertin after a hiatus of 1500 years. It is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Its membership is 205 national Olympic committees. The first summer Olympics organized by the WC. was held in Athens, Greece, in 1896. I.O.C. is a parent organization intended to localize administration and authority for the games. The I.O.C. President is responsible for representing the I.O.C. as a whole, and there are members of the I.O.C. who represent the I.O.C. in their respective countries.