In the battle of the Hampton Roads we have “Monitor” and “Merrimack”. What were ships such as these called? What types were they?
The Monitor and Merrimack were ironclad ships, which were made almost entirely of iron and were covered over to defend against enemy cannon fire. They were extremely basic and difficult to maneuver but were extremely difficult to damage or sink. The battle was originally fought in an attempt to break the Union blockade of Confederate cities in Virginia and was unsuccessful. These ironclad ships were a turning point in naval warfare, and showed that it was possible for ships entirely made out of iron to be seaworthy and effective in battle.