(a) John Middleton is arguing in favour of the rich farmers. He says that before the law regarding enclosures was enacted, the farmer could not make i improvements in the soil, as other people were also using the same land.
Now, when it is enclosed, he can make whatever changes he desires to improve the agricultural yield and thus increase his profits.
(b) By the enclosure of land farmer and peasants become happier and protected; and the production of the crops increased. I have also learnt that unity is an important fact for everyone.