How would you compare Julius Caesar vs Augustus as leaders? Also, how to compare Rome at the time of each ruler?
This is an extremely difficult question to answer as both rulers rose to power in extremely different circumstances and conditions. One thing is clear however in that both leaders were adept in political and diplomatic affairs and were masters in manipulating the senate and the people to their needs. Julius Caesar gained his power from the loyalty of his army and he did this by becoming an effective commander and by treating them with honor and respect.
Augustus was a notoriously poor general, often “falling ill” just on the eve of battle, even before the decisive battle of Actium where his armies defeated the forces of Cleopatra and Marc Anthony. Augustus made up for these misgivings with his statesmanship, however, and was an adept politician.
In regards to the time that both of these rulers lead Rome, the time of Caesar’s reign was relatively short and extremely chaotic whilst he tried to reorganize the senate and the Republic after the chaos of the civil war between himself and Pompey. No individual in the state knew what the future of Rome or its government would be and the entire republic was in a state of chaos and disrepair.
The rise of Augustus slowly changed all of this, however, as he introduced many new reforms, particularly in regards to tax collection, and also rebuilt many of the temples and public areas of Rome in order to gain the popularity of the people. In all, the reign of Augustus was the beginning of the “Pax Romana”, or Roman peace, which would last for around 200 years.