How were the effects of ‘Industrial Revolution’ reflected in the novels?

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#1

How were the effects of ‘Industrial Revolution’ reflected in the novels?
Answer:

  • When Industrial Revolution began, factories came up, business profits increased but workers faced problems.
  • Cities expanded in an unregulated way and were filled with overworked and underpaid workers.
  • Deeply critical of these developments, novelists such as Charles DicRens wrote about the terrible effects of industrialisation on people’s lives and characters.
  • His novel Hard Times depicts a fictious industrial town as a grim place full of machinery, smoking chimneys and rivers polluted.
  • Dickens criticised not just the greed for profits but also the ideas that reduced human beings into simple instruments of production.
  • Dickens’ Oliver Twist is the tale of a poor orphan who lived in a world of petty criminals and beggars. Oliver was finally adopted by a wealthy man and lived happily everafter.
  • Emile Zola’s Germinal was written on the life of a young miner and ends on a sad note.