How to briefly describe Rome vs Persia conflicts?
The conflict between Rome and the states of Persia lasted for over 700 years, and was one of the most central focuses of both cultures throughout all of this time. In general, the Romans saw the territory as region full of natural resources and vital trade routes, such as the Silk Road, which were highly desirable to the Roman leaders.
The Persians saw the Romans as invaders and did not want to hand control of the region over to them and so defended the region against Roman incursions. In general the areas of conflict remained the same throughout this period, usually using the Euphrates river as border between the two empires, and neither group could manage to defeat the other and so the conflict remained largely at a stalemate for most of its duration.
The conflict ended with the rise of the Islamic caliphates, which swept through Persia and the Middle East and seized control of all of the territories once owned by both these cultures.
There was no victor in these conflicts as both cultures suffered severe defeats against the other numerous times and were eventually defeated due the vast amounts of funds and resources used in the war that could have been spent elsewhere.