How does the arctic tundra follows the law of conservation of mass and the law of conservation of energy
Tundra plants and other vegetation possess a number of adaptations to the cold, wind and low solar energy. They tend to be small and grow low to get warmth from the ground, such as lichen and mosses; they are dark in color – sometimes red – to better absorb sunlight; they concentrate much of their biomass and food storage in roots underground, where it is warmer; they can photosynthesize, or harness the sun’s energy, at low temperatures and low light; some, including arctic willow, have “hair”-covered leaves to trap in heat; and they may grow in clumps or mats to protect themselves from wind and cold, such as tufted saxifrage.
Most tundra plants are perennials instead of annuals, keeping their leaves over the winter to save energy; and some have dish-shaped flowers that follow the path of the sun, concentrating the solar energy. Tundra plants also speed the reproduction process by budding or dividing instead of reproducing sexually, which would involve more time- and energy-consuming seed production. In addition, tundra snow helps insulate plants from the cold and wind.