How did the roman military uniform of a common soldier look like?
Answer:The Roman Republic and Empire lasted for well over 1000 years and within that time the uniforms, weapons, and armor of the army changed considerably. In the earliest periods up until around the Samnite Wars of the 4th century most soldiers wore basic armor and were responsible for their own weapons and clothing. After this point the state then began to provide an increasing amount of weapons and armor to their soldiers until the Marian reforms of the late 2nd century BC. Under these reforms, the Roman army became a professional force with standardized weaponry of a short sword, known as a gladius, a spear, known as a pella, and a shield, known as a scutum.
Armor was either made of boiled leather for the more basic troops or iron for the elite guards and soldiers became far more disciplined and well organized. This revolutionized Roman warfare and was one of the contributing reasons behind their massive territorial expansion in the 1st centuries BC and AD. The army remained in this form for several hundred years until the final years of the empire called for more lightly armored and maneuverable troops. In this era, Roman soldiers had much more varied armor and weaponry depending on their region of origin and social status.