How did the Northern European artist and writer’s apply Renaissance ideas in their new work
One of the major differences in the Northern and Italian Renaissance was the approach towards religion.
Within Italy, the large majority of patrons were either members of the clergy or religious patrons. In Northern Europe, however, the Protestant Reformation had led to the decline of the power of the Catholic Church, making the focus of Renaissance art the people of society rather than religious figures and individuals.
Portraits and paintings would often show individuals in their everyday lives rather than a focus on the religious or supernatural whilst sculptures were more focused on realism than replicating the styles of the Ancient Roman and Greek world as was mainly done in Italy.