How did the East India Company procure regular supplies of cotton and silk textiles from Indian weavers?


#1

The East India Company adopted various steps to ensure regular supplies of cotton and silk textiles.
(i) Established political power to assert monopoly right to trade.
(ii) Developed a system of management and control that would eliminate competition, control cost and ensure regular supply of cotton and silk goods.
(iii) Eliminated the existing traders and broker connected with cloth and established direct control with the weaver.
(iv) Appointed paid servants called gomasthas to supervise weavers, examine the quality of the cloth and collect supplies.
(v) Weavers were not allowed to contact other buyers. Weavers were given advances and were offered the loan to buy raw material. Those who took advance or loan could not contact any other trader.
(vi) The weavers had to sell at a price dictated by the Company. By giving loan the Company bed the weavers with them.