How did the country of Japan industrialize so quickly? What were the main factors?
The main aspects that led to the mass industrialization of Japan during the period known as the Meiji Restoration were a large and devoted workforce, expansive foreign investment, and excellent administration and leadership. Japan has a long history of devotion to work, efficiency, and loyalty, which ensured that the state had a strong population of skilled workers who could be relied on to be the backbone of the Japanese industry.
Foreign investment, particularly from the United States, also meant that Japan had both a large amount of finances, technology, and supplies being shipped into the country which greatly helped in turning the country into a well developed and industrial nation.
Finally, the administration of Japan, particularly that of the emperor, were well aware of the fact that Japan was far behind Europe and the US in regards to technology and industry and so became devoted in ensuring that the nation was able to compete with these nations in a short amount of time.
In all, Japan was able to advance so quickly largely due to a centrally organized and efficient government that received vast amounts of support from foreign powers that aided their determined and efficient workforce in creating an advanced and productive industrial economy.