How did the British establish their monopoly over opium trade?

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peasants-and-farmers
cbse-class-9
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#1

How did the British establish their monopoly over opium trade?
Answer:

  • By 1773, the British government in Bengal had established a monopoly over opium trade.
  • No one else was legally permitted to trade in opium.
  • By the 1820s, the British found that opium production in their territories was rapidly declining and outside its territories, the production was increasing.
  • It was produced in the princely states where local traders were offering much higher prices to peasants and exporting opium to China.
  • To the British, this trade was illegal; it was smuggling and it had to be stopped. Government monopoly had to be retained.
  • It therefore, instructed its agents posted in the princely states to confiscate all opium and destroy the crops.