The French colonisers introduced Western education in Vietnam. But the French people living in Vietnam opposed policies that would give the Vietnamese full access to French education. The students in Vietnam fought against the colonial government’s efforts to prevent the Vietnamese from qualifying for white-collar jobs.
They were inspired by patriotic feelings and believed that it was their duty to fight. It brought them conflict with both the French authorities and the elites of Vietnam who thought that it would threaten their position.
By the 1920s, students formed different political parties (like Young Annan) and published national journals like the ‘Annanese Student’.