This sense of collective belonging came partly through the experience of united struggles and growing anger among people against the colonial government.
But there were also a variety of cultural processes through which nationalism captured people’s imagination:
(a) The identity of the nation symbolised in a figure or image of Bharat Mata created through literature, songs, paintings, etc.
(b) Movement to revive Indian folklore to enhance nationalist sentiments.
© Role of icons and symbols in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of nationalism.
(d) Creating a feeling of nationalism was through reinterpretation of history.