How did novels take its first and firm root in England and France?
- New groups of lower middle class people like shopkeepers and clerks, along with traditional aristocratic gentlemanly classes in England and France now became new readers of novels.
- As readership grew, the market for books expanded and the earnings of authors increased.
- This gave them independence to experiment with different literary styles.
- In this way, most of the early and different styles of novels were written in England and France with an increased readership.