- British cotton industries boomed in the late 18th century.
- A series of inventions in the 18th century increased the production process.
- Processes of carding, twisting, spinning, and rolling were made faster.
- Richard Arkwright created the cotton mill. Now the costly new machines could be purchased, set up and maintained in the mill.
- Within the mill, all the processes were brought together under one roof and management.
- This allowed a more careful supervision over the production process, a watch over quality and the regulation of labour, all of which had been difficult to do when production took place in the countryside.