How come that the French Revolution was so violent?
The French Revolution was a period of social and political turmoil which lasted from 1789-1799 and was a decade of deep cultural change, violence, and often revenge. Before the outbreak of revolution, the French people had become tried and angry at the way they had been treated by the church and aristocracy. Many extremist groups within the revolutionaries felt that the only way for their revolution to succeed would be through the complete annihilation of these social classes.
When revolution finally broke out, it was these extremist groups who seized control under the leadership of Maximilien Robespierre, who’s “Reign of Terror” led to the execution of tens of thousands of religious figures, nobles, and political opponents. Robespierre and his followers became extremely paranoid in their actions, which again led to the execution of even more individuals. It was a time of deep paranoia, with many people being accused of being spies, traitors, or merely just born from the wrong family.
This total purge of the French population was one of the central reasons behind the violence of the revolution, which was largely caused both by the anger of the common people, an extremist leadership, and extreme paranoia within their ranks.