How come Austria remained neutral during the Cold War?
Austria remained neutral during the early years of the Cold War largely because it was occupied by Allied forces until 1955.
The status of Austria was a bone of contention between the Soviet Union and the Western powers as both factions disagreed on whether Austria should remain a part of Germany, be part of the Soviet Union, or its own independent nation. During all of this time the region was occupied by a large amount of Allied forces and at no point did the nation have any full form of autonomy within its government. Eventually the issue was resolved in 1955 when the nation was granted full independence and chose to abstain from joining either side of the Cold War in order to reduce the risk of violence and warfare within the country and also to appease both factions.