The soil can be conserved in two ways :
1. Restoration of fertility :
(a) By using optimum amount of fertilizers and manures.
(b) Rotation of crops.
(c) Growing of legumes.
(d) Field fallow.
2. Prevention of soil erosion :
(a) It can be done by growing protective plants to cover the soil surface.
(b) Doing terrace farming in the hills.
(c) Making bandhs.