Unemployment is a major problem in India and it is prevalent in both rural and urban areas. Underemployment is also visible as disguised unemployment in agricultural sector in rural areas and as unorganised service sector in urban areas. These issues need to be addressed properly. .
The steps that should he taken to increase employment can he
(i) Education and health sector can create massive employment in urban as well as rural areas. Proper planning needs to strengthen these sectors.
Vocational training also creates massive employment.
(ii) Allied activities like horticulture, pisciculture should be promoted through financial assistance, awareness programmes which will create employment in rural areas.
(iii) Promotion of small scale industries and self-help groups will create employment in urban areas.
(iv) Tertiary activities like inclusive banking, promotion of market etc can penetrate service sector to rural areas and induce mobilisation and growth in Primary sector and ultimately create employment.
(v) Cheap credit for creation of new enterprises and encouraging foreign investment can also create employment in both rural and urban areas.
(vi) Social safety programmes like NREGA, NRLM (National Rural Livelihood Mission) etc generate massive employment in rural and urban areas respectively.