There were many empires that rose and fell between 2300 B.C. and 334 B.C. Write a brief essay that compares and contrasts the Babylonian and Hittite empires. In what ways were they alike, and how were they different?
Babylonian empires and Hittite empires were both located in roughly the same area, this area is today called the Middle East.
The two empires existed at the same time. The Hittite empires from 1600 B.C. to 1178 B.C. and the Babylonian empires from 1894 B.C. to 594 B.C (we note an overlap in the two time periods).
Hittites lived in the North, while the Babylonians lived in more southern part.
Hittites used iron, while the Babylonians used bronze.
The Babylonian justice system was very severe and harsh, even for small crimes (for example: punishment by death, loss of limbs, etc.). The Hittites were not as severe for small crimes or wrongdoings (for example: they had to pay fines).
Babylonians were known for their astronomy and math, while the Hittites were known as warriors.
The Babylonian empire had already set up in the middle east, while the Hittites arrived to conquer land.