Give the systematic (IUPAC) names for these molecules

iupac-molecules

#1

Give the systematic (IUPAC) names for these molecules.

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Concepts and reason
Two compounds are given with their structures whose IUPAC names needs to be written. IUPAC stands for International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. IUPAC has formulated a set of rules for the systematic nomenclature of a molecule. Every name contains three parts, that is, stem name, prefix, and suffix.

Fundamentals
Consider the following rules for giving the systematic name according to IUPAC:

  1. Identify the longest carbon chain in the compound that gives the stem name of the compound.
  2. Identify the position of the substituents attached to the carbon chain. The name of these substituents is prefixed to the stem name.
  3. Identify the functional group present in the compound. The name of the functional group is suffixed to the stem name.
    Generally, esters are named as alkyl alkanoates. Consider the formation of ester as shown below:

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Answer:

Draw the structure of the given compound and identify the functional group present in the given compound as shown below:
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As ester is present in the given compound, hence, the name of the given compound is propyl benzoate.

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Draw the structure of the given compound and identify the functional group present in the given compound as shown below:
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As ester is present in the given compound, hence, the name of the given compound is methyl 4-methylpentanoate.

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