Indian agriculture is backward, despite the fact that it is of significant importance in the Indian economy.
The main features of Indian agriculture are
(i) Agricultural output depends largely on rainfall and is affected by natural calamities like floods, droughts, storms, etc.
(ii) The historical, social and cultural background of state affects agricultural output.
(iii) Over three-fourth of land holdings are of small size. Thus, agriculture is a source of livelihood for poor farmers.
(iv) Farming’s a way of life rather than a commercial activity. Thus, production is mainly for self-consumption.
(v) There is little use of machinery.