Factors affecting physical fitness & wellness:
(i) Anatomical : An individual must be appropriate in body size, shape and structure essential for the performance. Sometime genetic impaired organs is responsible for weakness in structure which limit individual performance.
(ii) Physiological : Physiological system like muscular, respiratory, circulatory and nervous system must function effectively because if one is physiologically fit then only he can perform the specific movement of the game/sport.
(iii) Psychological factor or stress tension: Can become barrier in performance by contributing tension and anxiety which affects the fitness level of a person. One must be mentally tough/strong and prepared to perform better.
(iv) Climate : Physical fitness also gets influenced by different climatic conditions such as summer, winter, humid etc.
(v) Diet: Plays an important role in maintaining physical fitness level. Diet requirement varies from individual to individual game wise. Therefore while planning fitness programme diet factor must also be given due consideration.
(vi) Healthy surrounding : A healthy enviornment at home/school/playfields is helpful in proper growth and development of an individual which create a better learning situation. There is a need for proper working environment for participation in sports activities otherwise it will affect the fitness of individual.