Human activities responsible for soil erosion Deforestation, mining activities, excessive use of fertiliser, etc are various major causes for soil erosion.
Two types of soil erosion observed in India
Gully erosion and sheet erosion are two types of erosion seen in
(i) Gullies cut the clayey soils into deep creeps and the land becomes unfit for cultivation and popularly known as bad lands.
(ii) Sheet erosion washes away top soils over a large areas and productivity is mostly decreased.